More doctors, veterinarians, scientists, health professionals, etc. are against vaccinations. The evidence of vaccine damage is overwhelming. If you choose to vaccinate, the latest recommendation of all the natural veterinarians we know & also Dr. Ronald Schultz (veterinarian & veterinary immunologist with The Rabies Challenge) is "one & done." This means only 1 of the vaccine you choose for the life of the dog. Core dog vaccines are distemper, parvovirus & rabies. If possible, do not vaccinate before 16 weeks of age; give 1 parvovirus vaccine then wait 4 weeks & give 1 distemper vaccine. Keep the pup inside your home until 2 weeks after the distemper vaccine was given. For rabies, it's best to not give this until the dog is at least 6 months old (1 year is best). For puppies & small dogs/
cats, 1/4 dose is recommended. Giving the same dose for any size animal makes no sense. Small animals suffer even more from vaccines & have more adverse reactions to them, too. Vaccine instructions from the manufacturers state: Only healthy animals are ever to be vaccinated. NEVER vaccinate females during esterus, pregnancy or lactation. If you're unable to find single antigen vaccines (1 per vaccine instead of 5 in 1, 7 in 1), Intervet Progard Puppy is a combination distemper & parvo vaccine. Below is more information:
DISTEMPER (MLV = modified live virus)
Initial (e.g. Intervet Progard Puppy) 16 - 20 weeks is best; NEVER vaccinate before 9 weeks of age
Re-Administration Interval None needed when done after 16 weeks old.
Duration of immunity 7.5 / 15 years by studies. Probably lifetime. Longer studies pending.
Comments: Can have numerous side effects if given too young (< 8 weeks). Give vaccines at least 4 weeks apart.
Initial (e.g. Intervet Progard Puppy) 16 - 20 weeks is best; NEVER vaccinate before 9 week of age
Re-Administration Interval None needed if given after 16 weeks old.
Duration of immunity 7.5 years by studies. Probably lifetime. Longer studies pending.
Comments: At 6 weeks of age, only 30% of puppies are protected but 100% are exposed to the virus at the vet clinic. Give vaccines at least 4 weeks apart.
Initial 24 weeks or older; 6 months is better; 1 year is best (dog immune system matures at 6 months of age)
1st vaccine is for 1 year; thereafter they're listed as 3 year duration. Killed 3 year rabies vaccine
Re-Administration Interval 3 yr. vaccine given as required by law in CA. Give vaccines at least 4 weeks apart.
Comments: Rabid animals may infect dogs. Check if your state
or county accepts titer tests in lieu of re-vaccination.
VACCINES NOT RECOMMENDED FOR DOGS!
DISTEMPER AND PARVO @ 6 weeks or younger
At this age, maternal antibodies form the mothers milk
(colostrum) will neutralize the vaccine and only 30%
of puppies will be protected. 100% will be exposed
to the virus at the vet clinic.
1.) Disease only affects dogs under 6 weeks of age.
2.) Rare disease: TAMU has seen only 1 case in 7 yrs.
3.) Mild self-limiting disease.
4.) Efficacy of the vaccine is questionable.
1) There are an average of 12 cases reported annually in CA.
2) Side effects common.
3) Most commonly used vaccine contains the wrong serovars. (There is no cross-protection of serovars) There is a new vaccine with 2 new serovars. Two vaccinations twice per year would be required for protection.).
4) Risk outweighs benefits.
There are two types of vaccines currently available to veterinarians: modified-live vaccines and inactivated ("killed") vaccines.
There is a great deal of controversy and confusion surrounding the appropriate immunization schedule, especially with the availability of modified-live vaccines and breeders who have experienced post vaccinal problems when using some of these vaccines. It is also important to not begin a vaccination program while maternal antibodies are still active and present in the puppy from the mother's colostrum. The maternal antibodies identify the vaccines as infectious organisms and destroy them before they can stimulate an immune response. Many breeders and owners have sought a safer immunization program.
Modified Live Vaccines (MLV)
Modified-live vaccines contain a weakened strain of the disease causing agent. Weakening of the agent is typically accomplished by chemical means or by genetic engineering. These vaccines replicate within the host, thus increasing the amount of material available for provoking an immune response without inducing clinical illness. This provocation primes the immune system to mount a vigorous response if the disease causing agent is ever introduced to the animal. Further, the immunity provided by a modified-live vaccine develops rather swiftly and since they mimic infection with the actual disease agent, it provides the best immune response.
Inactivated Vaccines (Killed)
Inactivated vaccines contain killed disease causing agents. Since the agent is killed, it is much more stable and has a longer shelf life, there is no possibility that they will revert to a virulent form, and they never spread from the vaccinated host to other animals. They are also safe for use in pregnant animals (a developing fetus may be susceptible to damage by some of the disease agents, even though attenuated, present in modified-live vaccines). Although more than a single dose of vaccine is always required and the duration of immunity is generally shorter, inactivated vaccines are regaining importance in this age of retrovirus and herpesvirus infections and concern about the safety of genetically modified microorganisms. Inactivated vaccines available for use in dogs include rabies, canine parvovirus, canine coronavirus, etc.
Another alternative to vaccinations is homeopathic nosodes. This option is considered an unconventional treatment that has not been scientifically proven to be efficacious. One controlled parvovirus nosode study did not adequately protect puppies under challenged conditions. However, data from Europe and clinical experience in North America support its use. If veterinarians choose to use homeopathic nosodes, their clients should be provided with an appropriate disclaimer and written informed consent should be obtained.